Tag Archives: SCOM 2007 R2

SCOM 2007 R2 Automatic Alert Closing or Death by Brackets

Issue:

You have informational alerts, or any other alerts in the SCOM console that you want to have, but not stack up forever.

Solution:

Power shell, again I am far from a power shell expert, in fact this might be the first script I have created that is more than just calling an existing command-let.

for those of you who don’t care, here is a line that will resolve informational alerts more than 12 hours old. (run it from Operations Manager Shell typically  C:\WINDOWS\system32\windowspowershell\v1.0\powershell.exe -PSConsoleFile Microsoft.EnterpriseManagement.OperationsManager.ClientShell.Console.psc1 -NoExit .\Microsoft.EnterpriseManagement.OperationsManager.ClientShell.Startup.ps1)

get-alert -criteria “Severity = ‘0’ AND ResolutionState = ‘0’ AND LastModified <= ‘$((((Get-Date).ToUniversalTime())).addhours(-12))'”|resolve-alert| out-null

For those who want to know how it works , or for me once I forgot

 Get-Alert is a SCOM command-let (try get-help get-alert) for all the details.

-criteria allows us to filter based on whatever we want.

Severity = ‘0’  This is a zero just in case you are wondering and

Severity 0 = informational

Severity 1 = Warning

Severity 2 = Error

ResolutionState = ‘0’ again a zero and means

ResolutionState = ‘0’ is New

ResolutionState = ‘255’ Closed

Anything in the middle would be things you configured as custom resolution states


and now  the one that took all the effort

LastModified is when the alert was last modified, well duh you say and I agree but now for the hard part. This is logged in UTC so it won’t match with what you see in the console so we need to feed it a UTC time 12 hours in the past and for that we need more brackets that I ever figured.

$(Get-Date) processes the get-date command-let and passes a date that looks like this “Sunday, February 07, 2010 1:30:00 PM”

$((Get-Date).ToUniversalTime()) Takes the date from above and converts it to UTC based on your time zone offset, resulting in “Sunday, February 07, 2010 9:30:00 PM”

$((((Get-Date).ToUniversalTime())).addhours(-12)) takes the date from above and subtracts 12 hours giving “Sunday, February 07, 2010 9:30:00 AM”

By the magic of power shell this is changed into something more like ‘2/7/2010 9:30: AM’ and for that magic I am eternally grateful as I always hated date format issues in scripting (yea powershell)

Now power shell has gathered a lost of all the alerts we want to clear and we simply pipe that to resolve-alert

and pipe the output from they whole line to out-null so we don’t get any output.


Scheduling the Task

I never imagined that it would take more time and lines of code to schedule this script than it did to create.

Normally you could just run

The script as saved on the local drive as ClearInfo.ps1

$RMSFQDN=”FQDN of your RMS
Add-PSSnapin Microsoft.EnterpriseManagement.OperationsManager.Client
New-PSDrive -Name: Monitoring -PSProvider OperationsManagerMonitoring -Root: \
cd monitoring:\
New-ManagementGroupConnection $RMSFQDN
cd $RMSFQDN
$pf = (gc Env:\ProgramFiles)
cd “$pf\System Center Operations Manager 2007”
.\Microsoft.EnterpriseManagement.OperationsManager.ClientShell.Functions.ps1;
Start-OperationsManagerClientShell -ManagementServerName: $RMSFQDN -PersistConnection: $true -Interactive: $true;
get-alert -criteria “Severity = ‘0’ AND ResolutionState = ‘0’ AND LastModified >= ‘$((((Get-Date).ToUniversalTime())).addhours(-12))'”|resolve-alert| out-null

Then simply call something like C:\WINDOWS\system32\WINDOW~2\v1.0\powershell.exe C:\scripts\ClearInfo.ps1 from task manager.

You may want to have a look at http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ee176949.aspx

SCOM 2007 R2 Console Command Line

Microsoft.MOM.UI.Console.Exe

Typically installed in C:\Program Files\System Center Operations Manager 2007

Microsoft.MOM.UI.Console.Exe /?

Command Line Syntax:

Microsoft.MOM.UI.Console.Exe {/Option[:Value]}

Option Description
/? Shows this help window
/ClearCache Clear the UI cache (this is the one that made me look for this)
/Server:<ServerName> Connect to the specified server
/ViewName:<ViewName> Display a view
/TaskName:<TaskName> Run a task
/TaskTarget:<ObjectId> Use in conjunction with /Task
/ManagementPack:<MpName> Use in conjunction with /TaskName and ViewName options

You can see it says you can find a complete list int he help but I have not found anything yet. Anyone else?

FYI – Don’t use /Clearcache when connected via RDP unless you know there are no others using the console at the time.

Also remember if you are trying to use viewname etc you should be using the internal name not the display name, something like this :

Microsoft.Mom.UI.Console.exe /viewname:System.Views.AlertView

SCOM 2007 Limited Access – The Shiny Red Button.

Issue:

So you want to have some people have access to see details in the SCOM console but you don’t trust them after having a conversation that goes something like this:

Now, listen. I’ve got a JOB for you. See this button?  DON’T TOUCH IT!

So… what’ll happen?

That’s just IT! You don’t KNOW! Maayyyybeeee something bad?… Mayyyybeeee something good! I guess we’ll never know! ‘Cause you’re not going to touch it! You won’t TOUCH it, will you?

Solution:

Actually this is quite simple and very effective.

Administration Tab: User Roles

SCOM 2007 R2 comes with built in roles, you may have seen them Administration, Security, User Roles. Whats that you say? You can’t use these because the users you want to grant access should only get specific server like SQL only and there give access to everything? Well not to worry I’ll get to that in a minute.

Default Roles

Profile type Profile description Role scope

Administrator

Has full privileges to Operations Manager; no scoping of the Administrator profile is supported.

Full access to all Operations Manager data, services, administrative, and authoring tools.

Advanced Operator

Has limited change access to Operations Manager configuration; ability to create overrides to rules; monitors for targets or groups of targets within the configured scope. Advanced Operator also inherits Operator privileges.

Can be scoped against any groups, views, and tasks currently present and those imported in the future.

Author

Has ability to create, edit, and delete tasks, rules, monitors, and views within configured scope. Author also inherits Advanced Operator privileges.

Can be scoped against any target, groups, views, and tasks currently present and those imported in the future. The Author role is unique in that this is the only profile type that can be scoped against the targets.

Operator

Has ability to edit or delete alerts, run tasks, and access views according to configured scope. Operator also inherits Read-Only Operator privileges.

Can be scoped against any groups, views, and tasks currently present and those imported in the future.

Read-Only Operator

Has ability to view alerts and access views according to configured scope.

Can be scoped against any groups and views currently present and those imported in the future.

Report Operator

Has ability to view reports according to configured scope.

Globally scoped.

Report Security Administrator

Enables integration of SQL Reporting Services security with Operations Manager roles.

No scope.

Pick a type that has the level of access you are looking for and then right click on Users Roles and create a new role.

General Properties : Here you can give your role a name, description and add members to it. Personally I suggest adding AD groups and not individual users but hey, it’s your environment so your call.

Group Scope : This is the half the magic but I talked about earlier. Here you define what groups of objects you want the user to be able to affect.

Tasks: You can approve all or only specific tasks you want this rile to be able to run.

Views:  The second half of the magic. Here you can pick specific branches of your monitoring tree and that’s all this rile will be able to see.

Now your console may look something like this for a UPS operator…

 

All right now, wasn’t that fun? Let’s try something else…..